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 VENEZUELA


Venezuela is a country of epic proportions and incredible beauty. Located entirely in the tropics the country occupies the north eastern part of South America and is bordered by Brazil to the south, Colombia to the west and Guyana to the southeast. Its coastline meets the waters of both the Caribbean sea in the north and the Atlantic Ocean in the east.
 

Venezuela does not only has South America's largest lake and third-longest river, it also has Angel Falls, the highest waterfall in the world, and the longest of all snakes, the Anaconda. Its wildlife is amazing, there are jaguars, armadillos and some of the most spectacular landscapes you'll ever see. The country covers an area of 566,383 square miles ( 912,050 square kilometers), and extends up to 801 miles (1,290 kilometers) east to west and 652 miles (1,050 kilometers) north to south. Elevations range from sea level to 8,200 feet (2,500 meters) in the Guiana Highlands and up to 16,427 feet (5,007 meters) in the Andes mountains.
 

Venezuela has an incredibly diverse landscape encompassing 10 broad geographical regions. Off the north coast lie numerous Caribbean Islands, of which the biggest is Isla Margarita. The Andes in the west continue in the north with the Cordillera de la Costa, a mountain chain which runs along the Caribbean coast. The Andes also continue south to Los Llanos, a giant plain extending east as far as the Caura River, which flows through Venezuela's second largest forest reserve after Amazonas and only recently became known to adventure tourism.

  

Located south of Los Llanos is the Amazon Basin, the largest rain forest in the world. East of the Caura River forest is the beginning of the Gran Sabana, part of the Guayana Highlands which extend up to the rainforests of the Orinoco Delta in the north east and the Brazilian border in the south.

 

Venezuela's capital, Caracas, and the majority of developed land is situated in the Central region. Grasslands occupy half of the country, and forests cover about two-fifths, varying from true rainforest to semi-tropical evergreens. Only a small portion (less than 4 per cent) of land in Venezuela is cultivated.


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