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AMAZON  REGION  -  PERU


The Peruvian Amazon rainforest is part of the enormous Amazon river basin of which 60% is located in Brazil, a large portion in Peru and other significant portions are located in Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador and Bolivia.
 

It is possible to explore the Peruvian Amazon year round. A selection of jungle lodges and Amazon River cruises are available while expeditions and adventure programs can be arranged for at any time. The main gate to the Amazon in Peru is the city of Iquitos, followed by Puerto Maldonado.

 

The Peruvian Amazon is dominated by the dense rainforest and the Amazon River. The Amazon River finds it's source high up in the Andes mountains in the form of small streams created by rain and melting snow and ice. Streams flow together forming creeks, then small streams, small rivers and finally, at the juncture of the Ucayali and Maranon rivers, the Amazon River is born. Predominantly the Amazon has two seasons, a high water and a low water season. The seasons are dominated by water levels in the rivers. The water levels drop some 30-40 feet every year between the months of July and September, staying low until November. During this time of the year there are a great number of beaches on the rivers and it is a great time for hiking and expeditions by foot as the jungle is dry and accessible. By November, at the end of the winter season in the Andes, huge amounts of water begin to flow down the mountains and the rivers begin to increase their levels. The banks of the many rivers and the surrounding jungles will become flooded and during this time it will be possible to penetrate the jungle by small boats. By May the rivers reach their highest point, staying like this until July when the whole cycle repeats itself.

 

The entire Amazon basin is covered by more than 7,000,000 km˛ (2 million square miles) in the form of dense tropical forest. For centuries, the tropical rainforest has protected the area and the animals residing in it. Due to its density not all of the plant and animal life of Amazonia are known to men as there are still huge unexplored areas. Nobody knows how many species of fish there are in the river either. The main reason for the dense plant growth is the rainfall and re-growth of leaves which occur gradually throughout each year. We can find a huge diversity of tree species with usually smooth, straight trunks and large leaves.

 

The Amazon Basin includes a diversity of traditional inhabitants as well as biodiversity in both flora and fauna. These people have lived in the rain forest for thousands of years, and their lifestyles and cultures are well-adapted to this environment. Contrary to popular belief, their subsistence living methods do not significantly harm the environment. In the past few decades, the real threat to the Amazon Basin has been deforestation and cattle ranching by large transnational corporations.


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