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 ECUADOR


Despite its size, the Republic of Ecuador is a small country compared to its neighbors. Located in the Northwest of South America the country has so much to offer that at least a week is needed to discover this great country.
 

Besides the many indigenous cultures and traditions of its friendly people, Ecuador is one the planetís top 17 most biologically diverse nations. It has drastic geographic and climatic variations that have led to evolution of thousands of species of flora and fauna, most of which thrive in habitats protected by the State and by private organizations.

 

Ecuador is home to a portion of the Amazon rainforest, jungles, mountains, islands, deserts, valleys, and snowcapped peaks. One of its main attractions is the Galapagos Archipelago and its marine reserve, which contain endemic species unique to the area. Ecuador has something to offer for every traveler.

 

This country of about 12.5 million
is located between Colombia, the Pacific Ocean and Peru and is divided in Northern and Southern hemisphere by the equinox line (0 degrees latitude) which crosses the northern part of the country.
 

Due to geographic differences in altitude, longitude and latitude, and the climatic effects of the Pacific Ocean, the Amazon, and the Andes, the various regions and sub regions of Ecuador have very different climates and microclimates.

 

The Pacific coast has a rainy season between December and May and a dry one from June to November and temperatures oscillate between 23 and 26 degrees centigrade. The Highlands on the other hand, have a rainy, cold climate from November to April and a dry one from May to October. The temperature here is between 13 and 18 degrees centigrade. In the Amazon, the climate is rainy and humid between January and September, with temperatures between 23 and 36 degrees centigrade, and it is dry between October and December. The Galapagos has a sub-tropical or temperate climate with temperatures ranging between 22 and 32 degrees centigrade.

 

                                                      


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