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IGUASSU  FALLS  -  BRAZIL




Listed as a World Natural Heritage site in Unesco World Heritage Sites since 1986, the Iguassu National Park is home to one of the world’s largest and most impressive waterfalls. The park is home to many rare and endangered species of flora and fauna, among them, the giant otter and the giant anteater. The huge clouds of spray produced by the waterfalls are conducive to the growth of luxurious vegetation.
 

The falls at Iguassu are four times wider than Niagara Falls in the United States, and are undoubtedly the most spectacular in South America.
Located on the border between Brazil and Argentina, Iguassu Falls is one of the most visited sites in the continent and Brazil. We recommend visiting the area for at least 2 to 3 nights in order to get an in-depth view of the natural beauty of the Falls and the surrounding forest and attractions.
 

Starting its course near the Atlantic seaboard, the Iguassu river crosses the western highlands of the states of Sao Paulo and Paraná and arrives at the edge of the plateau to discharge its waters at a rate which can reach 150,000 m³ per second. Various islands divide the colossal flow into 275 separate cataracts, ranging from 60 to 80 meters in height, with the refracted spray rising to more than 150 meters. The best known islands - San Martin and Isla Grande - are on the upper river, dividing it into two arms, which join together again immediately afterwards. The river then falls over rough formations of basalt and lava until it thunders into the Devil's Throat. From there it continues until it flows into the Paraná river and from there, via the Paraguay river, contributes to the formation of the Plate Basin.
 

The region comprises the Argentinean national park, created in 1934 and covering 50,000 hectares, and the Brazilian national park, created in 1939 and covering 170,000 hectares. The Brazilian side embraces four municipalities, including Foz do Iguaçu, a name of indigenous origin meaning big water.

 

The experience of living with the forces of nature and the scintillating and eternal spectacle of the waters combines with the exuberant tropical vegetation, which is home to various endangered species. In the park - where hunting is prohibited but fishing allowed - the forest itself is not a bit inferior to the Amazon forest.


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